In this way, Perseus the son of Zeus and Danae his mother were saved, despite all the efforts of King Acrisius to cheat the prophecy which still hung in the future. "Acrisius of Argos . KALYKE (Calyce) A queen of Elis (southern Greece), the wife of King Aithlios. "Nykteos and Polyxo were parents of Antiope, and Antiope and Zeus were the parents of Zethos and Amphion. When she sees her rival with a beast's hideous face, Juno snarls, ‘Go, sleep with that, Jupiter [Zeus]!’ A shaggy bear loped across the scrubby hillsides, who recently was loved by supreme Jove. 41 - 44 (trans. ", Hesiod, Catalogues of Women Fragment 95 (from Scholiast on Homer's Iliad 2. "To Akrision and Eurydike, Lakedaimon's daughter, was born a daughter Danae. However, killing or arranging their death himself would be terrible crime and would lose him favour from gods and men alike, so he decided to have them placed in a chest and thrown out to sea so their fate was decided by the gods. Arcas, son of Jove [Zeus] and Callisto, placed among the stars . ", Pausanias, Description of Greece 1. . : Zeus was the Olympian king of the gods, and god of the sky, weather, fate and law. She, suspecting that her husband had secretly lain with Antiopa, ordered her servants to keep her bound in darkness. ", Pseudo-Hyginus, Fabulae 155 (trans.ë?oldid=103156. "In a golden shower [Zeus] fooled Danae. But Jove [Zeus], the more easily to conceal his fault, left her changed to bear form. Opening it, Dictys discovered Danae and her baby still alive. 8 : Pseudo-Hyginus, Fabulae 155 (trans. ", For MORE information on this woman see ANTIOPE, LOCALE : Sparta, Lakedaimonia (Southern Greece), For the MYTH of Zeus' seduction of Leda in the guise of a swan see LEDA, LOCALE : Mount Lykaios, Arkadia (Southern Greece), Hesiod, The Astronomy Fragment 3 (from Pseudo-Eratosthenes, Catasterismi Frag 1. ", Nonnus, Dionysiaca 33. Grant) (Roman mythographer C2nd A.D.) : Phoebe [Artemis] returned from hunting scores of forest beasts, as the sun occupied or passed midday. ", Homerica, Contest of Homer and Hesiod 316 ff (trans. From that meeting with the very amorous Zeus, Danae did become pregnant and had a child while still imprisoned. He raised Perseus as his own son and they lived happily until Danae caught the eye of Polydectes. . 9 (trans. He then transformed back and laid with her. The story goes that he is Arkas the son of Kallisto and Zeus, and he lived in the country about Lykaion. Lattimore) (Greek epic C8th B.C.) 697 ff : That child was the legendary Perseus. : She was Jove's [Zeus'] unwilling victim. ANTIOPE A lady of Thebes in Boiotia (central Greece) who was seduced by Zeus in the shape of Satyros. "The Great Bear (Arktos Megale)--Hesiod says she [Kallisto] was the daughter of Lykaon and lived in Arkadia. 25. One day when Acrisius went to an oracle to see whether he would have a grandson or not, the oracle replied that he would, but his grandson would kill him. She was no girl to spin soft skeins of wool or vary her hair-style; a buckle held her dress, a plain white band her strangling hair. 26 & 34 (trans. "Juppiter [Zeus] once in a Satyrus' guise had got Nycteis [Antiope daughter of Nykteus] with twins. 1 (trans. In order to ensure Danae never had children, she was locked up in a tower, away from the rest of the world. : . 35. She raised her hands (her paws!) to C1st A.D.) : "In addition to all this male issue, Lykaon had a daughter Kallisto. And many a time, forgetting what she was, hid from the creatures of the wild; a bear she shuddered to see bears on the high hills, feared wolves although her father was a wolf [Lykaon had been transformed into a wolf by Zeus]. [see Family], PROTOGENEIA A princess of the Hellenes, one of the daughters of King Deukalion, surviver of the Great Deluge. She bore sons, and left them there, but a shepherd reared them, naming them Zetus and Amphion. She touched the goddess' bow : ‘This bow I touch,’ she cried, ‘Be a witness to my virginity.’ Cynthia [Artemis] praised her, and said : ‘Keep the pledge you vowed and you will be my companions' princeps.’ She would have kept the pledge but for her prettiness. Living atop Mount Olympus, this supreme ruler would assign roles to each of the other well-known Greek gods. "The Greeks recount these kings of the Dorians as far back as Perseus son of Danae - they make no mention of the god [Zeus, the father of Perseus] - and prove these kings to be Greek; for by that time they had come to be classified as Greeks. . Danae [was the] daughter of Akrisios. Zeus is the god of thunder and the king of all of the Greek gods. When they were about to kill Lycus, Mercurius [Hermes] forbade them, and at the same time ordered Lycus to yield the kingdom to Amphion. They recognised their mother, assassinated Lykos, tied Dirke to a bull, and, when she was dead, threw her body into the spring that is called Dirke after her. PHTHIA A girl from Aegion in Akhaia (southern Greece). When the jealous Hera stole her children by the god--Herophile and Akhilleus--she was driven mad with grief. There she found Antiopa and was dragging her to death. Grant) (Roman mythographer C2nd A.D.) : Ovid, Metamorphoses 4. That loveliness, your joy, the grace that won my lord, I shall destroy!’ She seized her by the hair and flung her flat upon the ground. Juno, then, finding a bear instead of a girl in that place, pointed her out for Diana [Artemis], who was hunting, to kill. Why do this? This painting depicts the mythical character of Danae, welcoming Zeus into her bed, and who later bore his son, Perseus. 35. When she reached the grove (a dark grove with dense ilex, around a deep fountain of cool water), she said, ‘Let's bathe here in the wood, Tegean virgin’; the other reddened at virgin's false ring. And now Dictynna [Artemis] across high Maenalus progressing with her troop, proud of her kills, observed the girl and called her. Thus, Perseus was known as a demigod, meaning that he was born of both mortal (his mother, Danae) and immortal (his father, Zeus) parents. 1 (trans. SEMELE A princess of Thebes in Boiotia (central Greece) who was loved by Zeus, but through the machinations of Hera was consumed by the heat of his lightning bolts. 100 (trans. GANYMEDES A prince of Troy (Asia Minor) who was abducted to Olympos by Zeus in the form of an eagle to be his lover and the cupbearer of the gods. to C1st A.D.) : Homer, Odyssey 11. Saturnia [Hera] still fumes and asks white Tethys' waters not to bathe or touch Maenalian Arctos. Never before has love for any goddess or woman so melted about the heart inside me, broken it to submission, as now: not that time . Antiopa had been given over to Dirce, Lycus' wife, for punishment. Zeus slept with Antiope, daughter of Nykteos. Her father received a prophecy that he would be killed by his grandchild. 113 ff : ", Pseudo-Hyginus, Fabulae 63 (trans. After Zeus had seduced Kallisto, Lykaon, pretending not to know of the matter, entertained Zeus, as Hesiod says, and set before him on the table the babe which he had cut up. ALKMENE (Alcmena) A lady of Thebes in Boiotia (central Greece) who was seduced by Zeus in the form of her own husband. Zeus saw the chest and safely guided it tothe island of Seriphos. According to legend, her son was fathered by the god Zeus. Juno [Hera], the Thunderer's (Totantis) consort, knew the truth long since, and had deferred until due time her dire revenge, and now the time was due. But as Amphis, writer of comedies [Athenian C4th B.C. Rouse) (Greek epic C5th A.D.) : Hesiod, The Astronomy Fragment 3 (from Pseudo-Eratosthenes, Catasterismi Frag 1. Aldrich) (Greek mythographer C2nd A.D.) : The bastard boy whom she conceived was no fifteen, when the mother and son came face to face. . She was a bear, but kept her woman's heart; moan after moan proclaimed her misery. : Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 3. ", Callimachus, Hymn 1 to Zeus 40 ff (trans. 15 (trans. Dirce, in the revels of Liber [Dionysos], was brought to the same place. ", Pseudo-Hyginus, Fabulae 155 : Born of Cronos and Rhea, Zeus would go on himself to father several of the main gods of Greek mythology including Aphrodite, Athena, and Hermes, among several others. ", Pseudo-Hyginus, Fabulae 155 : to C1st A.D.) : She was transformed into a bear by a wrathful goddess into a bear and in this form bare a son named Arkas. Lattimore) (Greek epic C8th B.C.) However, Zeus, disguised as a golden shower, found her, leaving her pregnant with a son, Perseus. In keeping with her deep distrust, the goddess inflicted no light punishment. 53 (trans. Lykos kept Antiope imprisoned and mistreated her, he and his wife Dirke. When her time was approaching, by the will of Jove [Zeus] she escaped from her chains to Mount Cithaeron, and when birth was imminent and she sought for a place to bear her child, pain compelled her to give birth at the very crossroads. Danae is obviously erotic. His own Arcadia was his weightiest care . : Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 3. ", Pseudo-Hyginus, Fabulae 176 : The moon's horns had replenished its circle ten times: the supposed virgin was now a mother. Danae captive in the tower - Joseph Swain (1820–1909) - PD-art-100: Danae was a princess of Argos, the only daughter of king Acrisius and Eurydice. Zeus sent Hermes with orders to save the child that Kallisto bore in her womb, and Kallisto herself he turned into the constellation known as the Great Bear (Arktos Megas), which is mentioned by Homer in the return voyage of Odysseus from Kalypso :--‘Gazing at the Pleiades and late-setting Bootes, and the Bear (Arktos), which they also call the Wain (Amaxa).’ But it may be that the constellation is merely named in honor of Kallisto, since her grave is pointed out by the Arkadians. She was the very first mortal woman loved by Zeus, and bore him two sons: Argos and Pelasgos (though according to others Pelasgos was a son of Poseidon or Earth-Born). I said as far back as Perseus, and I took the matter no further than that, because no one is named as the mortal father of Perseus, as Amphitryon is named father of Herakles . Yet ere long (so sure the power of truth) Acrisius repented of his . "Of Bootes also called the Bear-Warden (Arktophylakos). Let him unbeast the beast, her shape restore, as Phoronides Argolica's [Io's] was, his other paramour! Pregnant she ran away from her threatening father to Epopeos in Sikyon, who married her. Danaë was a princess of Argos, the daughter of King Acrisius and mother of Perseus. Perseus later returned successful in his quest and killed Polydectes with the head of Medusa. . She was loved by Zeus and bore him sons Latinos and Graikos. 576 ff (trans. Wounded Juno [Hera] rages, and changes the girl's shape. She was loved by Zeus and bore him a son Aithlios. 139 ff (trans. But Zeus fell in love with her and forced her into bed, taking the likeness, some say, or Artemis, others, of Apollon. Her womb's obvious plumping betrays her with incriminating weight. says she was one of the Nymphai, while Asios [poet C8th or 7th B.C.]


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