Special Agent (ICNTF). Earlier plantations were usually located in remote mountain areas where they were hard to spot and irrigation did not require drilling wells. Brutal DEA agent murder reminder of agency priority. Drug Wars: The Camarena Story (1990) is a U.S television mini-series about Camarena, starring Treat Williams and Steven Bauer. [6], In 1977, Camarena transferred to the agency's Fresno field office, where he worked undercover on smuggling activities in the San Joaquin Valley. The first season of the spin-off series Narcos: Mexico is dedicated entirely to the Camarena story from his arrival to Mexico through his career there and the eventual murder. DEA pilots performed important operational roles; in addition to training Mexican pilots, they helped spot fields for spraying and verified that spraying runs had destroyed targeted fields. In the Netflix drama Narcos, Camarena's death and its aftermath are recapped in news footage in the first season episode "The Men of Always". After the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) was established in 1973, it quickly instituted a hiring program for Spanish speaking agents. Enrique Camarena was born on July 26, 1947, in Mexicali, Mexico. Heroes Under Fire: Righteous Vendetta (2005)[53] is a History Channel documentary that chronicles the events associated with and features interviews with family members, DEA agents, and others involved in the investigation. They have no law enforcement powers, instead performing intelligence, liaison, and advisory functions, collecting and passing along information on drug trafficking, and advising on local anti-narcotics programs. Do Not Sell My Personal Information. Mika Camarena is an American activist and the wife of late Mexican-born American undercover agent for the United States Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA), Enrique S. 'Kiki' Camarena Salazar, who was kidnapped, tortured and murdered by drug cartels in early 1985 while on assignment in Mexico. His skull was punctured by a metal object, and his ribs were broken. [26] "Sanchez" became friends with the man running the plantation, who told "Miguel" it was outside a small, isolated town called Vanegas in the state of San Luis Potosi, just across the border from the state of Zacatecas. Her husband’s dedication and service helped the DEA in busting many drug cartels, facilitating the destruction or confiscation of millions of dollars worth of drugs. Sitemap Post was not sent - check your email addresses! Due to the difficulty of extraditing Mexican citizens, the DEA went as far as to detain two suspects, Humberto Álvarez Machaín, the physician who allegedly prolonged Camarena's life so the torture could continue, and Javier Vásquez Velasco; both were taken by bounty hunters to the United States. Camarena and his wife Mika had three sons.[52]. A law known as the Mansfield amendment, introduced by Senator Mike Mansfield and passed by Congress in 1975, prohibited DEA personnel to even be present at the scene of an arrest overseas. [40]. 91,033, © 2020 NYP Holdings, Inc. All Rights Reserved The documentary points to another agent of the DEA working in Mexico, as a collaborator in the kidnapping. The Last Narc[55] released in 2020 on Amazon Prime Video is a mini-series which depicts the kidnapping of Camarena and the events leading up to it. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. Kiki was due to be reassigned in three weeks because he had come dangerously close to … [2], In 2004, the Enrique S. Camarena Foundation was established in Camarena's memory. The abduction and murder of DEA Agent Enrique Camarena (2005), by retired DEA Resident Agent in Charge James H. These three often coordinated their production and operations, and formed the core of what came to be called the Guadalajara Cartel. Mika Camarena is the widow of DEA field agent, Enrique S. Camarena Salazar, widely known as Kiki Camarena. The case continues to trouble U.S.-Mexican relations, most recently when one of the three convicted traffickers, Rafael Caro Quintero, was released from Mexican prison in 2013. The best-known of these were Miguel Ángel Félix Gallardo, Ernesto Fonseca Carrillo and Rafael Caro Quintero. A school, a library and a street in his home town of Calexico, California, … The case eventually reached the U.S. Supreme Court, which ruled that Álvarez was not entitled to relief. 19", "Elementary School in Texas Named in Honor of Enrique "Kiki" Camarena", "Military might versus sovereign right: the kidnapping of Dr. Humberto Alvarez-Machain and the resulting fallout", Cartel: The Coming Invasion of Mexico's Drug Wars, El Narco: Inside Mexico's Criminal Insurgency, Manhunt of Joaquín "El Chapo" Guzmán (2001–2014), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Kiki_Camarena&oldid=987955130, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Lance Corporal (United States Marine Corps), Andreas Lowenfeld, "Mexico and the United States, an Undiplomatic Murder", in, Andreas Lowenfeld, "Kidnapping by Government Order: A Follow-Up", in. "[7] Colleagues described him as driven, even by the standards of job-focused DEA agents. [32][33] Camarena, who was suspected of being the source of the information, was abducted in broad daylight on February 7, 1985, by corrupt Mexican officials working for the major drug traffickers in Mexico. Enrique "Kiki" Camarena Salazar (July 26, 1947 – February 9, 1985) was an [7] By this time, Camarena was married and had three sons. His boys were 11 (Enrique), 6 (Erik), and 4 (Daniel) at the time of his passing, and Mika was left a widow at the age of 37. [2] A school, a library and a street in his home town of Calexico, California, are named after him. To everyone's astonishment, the plantation was over 200 acres large, employing hundreds of growers. In response to strong American pressure, and to domestic law enforcement concerns, Mexico began eradication programs of opium and marijuana plantations, with large infusions of U.S. assistance. 132 No. While the offices were opened with Mexican government permission, they later became controversial, particularly during the Camarena case. We've received your submission. Dr. Humberto Alvarez Machain is greeted by two of his sons, Fernando (left) and Ramon, upon his arrival at his home in Guadalajara in Mexico City. [12], The spraying programs required extensive American involvement, both for funding and operations. Yields were relatively low, quality varied, and transportation was expensive. 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In July 2020 was released the documentary series The Last Narc where the officer DEA agent Héctor Berrellez leading the investigation alleges that Félix Rodríguez was present when Enrique "Kiki" Camarena was kidnapped and tortured, and that Félix interrogated Camarena, asking him what he knew about the relation between CIA and the cartel of Guadalajara. [16] A Guadalajara office was opened in 1969. In Fresno, the California Narcotic Officers’ Association (CNOA) hosts a yearly memorial golf tournament named after him and presents an annual scholarship to graduating high school seniors. Edition -- November 7, 1988 Vol. In 2004, the Calexico Police Department erected a memorial dedicated to Camarena. Álvarez subsequently initiated a civil suit against the U.S. government, charging that his arrest had breached the U.S.–Mexico extradition treaty. [12], These flights produced positive results, reducing acreage planted and eventually a reduction in Mexican heroin quality and quantity. Camarena received numerous awards while with the DEA, and he posthumously received the Administrator's Award of Honor, the highest award given by the organization. [48] The nationwide annual Red Ribbon Week, which teaches school children and youths to avoid drug use, was established in his memory. Camarena arranged two surreptitious solo overflights to confirm that it was a major plantation. [18], American law also restricts DEA activities abroad. As part of their ongoing Drug Awareness program, the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks awards an annual Enrique Camarena Award at local, state and national levels to a member of law enforcement who carries out anti-drugs work.[50]. Both Camarena and his sister Myrna joined the new agency in 1974, Myrna as a secretary and Enrique as a special agent in the DEA's Calexico resident office. Thanks for contacting us. Look out below: Horrifying pic shows snake eel burst out of bird's stomach in... New study reveals the locations at highest risk of spreading COVID-19, Why Fauci thinks COVID-19 won't be a pandemic 'for a lot longer', Construction worker killed after forklift falls from bridge, Celebrity pastor Carl Lentz's alleged lover tells all: 'I was a drug to him'. [11] As plantation sizes grew, the eradication efforts also grew. “Tell her that since I left the United States prison, I’ve been here at this little business and keep enjoying it … I feel very proud that I was able to get out of a federal court trial in the United States.”, When Logan asked her DEA escort why Machain wasn’t in jail, he said because “there’s no justice for anyone here.”. Author Elaine Shannon describes Camarena as "a natural in the theater of the street", able to "slip effortlessly into a Puerto Rican accent or toss off Mexican gutter slang—whatever the role demanded. [16] These and other offices opened by various agencies remained in place as American drug enforcement agencies first proliferated, then finally merged into the DEA. Dr. Humberto Alvarez Machain was part of the group that kidnapped, tortured and eventually murdered DEA Agent Enrique “Kiki” Camarena in 1985. U.S. House of Representatives, Committee on the Judiciary, This page was last edited on 10 November 2020, at 06:20. DEA agents accredited to the U.S. Embassy in Mexico City had full diplomatic status, but agents in the resident offices did not, and could be arrested and imprisoned without any official protections. [36], Camarena's torture and murder prompted a swift reaction from the U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) and launched Operation Leyenda (legend), the largest DEA homicide investigation ever undertaken. 264,518, This story has been shared 93,621 times. The first programs were on a smaller scale and used mostly manual eradication, such as "Operation Cooperation" in 1970. Despite vigorous protests from the Mexican government, Álvarez was brought to trial in Los Angeles, in 1992. [15], As part of these efforts, the first American narcotics law enforcement office was opened in Mexico City in the mid-1960s by the Federal Bureau of Narcotics, a branch of the Treasury Department.


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